At the fourth conference in Madrid the topic was “Facing global change through Landscape”. By ‘global change’ we meant the major environmental and social processes currently seen to be operating at supranational and often world level, and our conference considered how spatial planning and sustainable and economic development strategies can interact with these processes and their results through the lens of landscape. We looked at how farreaching an impact these global changes can have on both landscape and heritage, but also at how landscape as heritage offers ways to address those challenges. Demographic change and changing aspirations, identities and lifestyle choices contribute to these global challenges, and the conference examined how (as claimed by the ESF/COST Science Policy Briefing on landscape as well as the Florence and Faro Conventions) landscape and heritage can offer responses to those challenges as well as calling for protection against them. The idea of landscape as heritage resonates with the need to give new life to cultural landscapes by finding them new functions and values, ideas central also to the sustainability of heritage. Landscape as heritage becomes a solution. The conference took place in the Centre for Human and Social Sciences (CCHS) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), partner institution of CHeriScape.